Mapping the hi-tech road for SA

first_img1 October 2004The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has released a wide-ranging study on global technology trends, which aims to find ways to address the challenges of unemployment, inequalities and economic growth in South Africa.According to the study, conducted by Access Market International and Bluepeter Management Consulting, South Africa has over the past decades developed a vast technological base, giving it the opportunity to compete effectively internationally.At the same time, there exists enormous potential to exploit and leverage selected technologies to promote business growth. Benchmarking of Technology Trends and Technology Developments – full report The study says it is essential that South Africa implement its technology strategy so that technology is applied to the maximum benefit of the country.It highlights key technologies influencing the development of several sectors, and also reviews the support mechanisms applied by various governments to improve the ability of countries to benefit from whatever technological developments may occur over the next 10 years.The findings of the study are intended to develop South Africa’s technological capacity in strategic technology areas, and to empower industry sectors to identify possible opportunities – and threats.Innovation the keySpeaking at the launch of the report, DTI director-general Alistair Ruiters said there has been a growing awareness among entrepreneurs, policy makers and scientists that innovation should be at the centre of business and policy strategies in South Africa.He said it remains the driving force behind any country’s economic development and the improvement of the competitiveness of firms.“If we want to effectively build a modern society, an appropriate route would be to follow a technology-driven approach”, Ruiters said. “This approach should be based on various science applications that would grow our technological capabilities, in both the first and second economies, with the ultimate goal of improving the quality of lives of our people and improving the competitiveness of our industries.”He added that “without much knowledge and guidelines on the global technological trends, it becomes difficult to direct our innovative capabilities necessary for industrial development.”Findings by sectorThe study deals with the following key sectors:Information communication technologiesTourismCultureAgro-processingBiotechnologyChemicalsAerospaceClothing and textilesMetals and mineralsAutomotive industryInformation communication technologiesAccording to the study, the future global ICT landscape will involve very unobtrusive hardware, a seamless mobile/fixed communications infrastructure, dynamic and massively distributed device networks, and natural feeling human interfaces in a secure, ubiquitous computing environment.It argues that several emerging technologies will be crucial to the development of the ICT sector in South Africa. These are:Mobile technologies and devicesWireless network technologiesHuman language technologiesOpen source softwareTelemedicineGeomaticsManufacturing technologies (robotics/artificial intelligence)Grid computingRadio frequency identificationTourismThe study shows that what it calls “prominent enabling technologies” are revolutionising the tourism environment, allowing for more flexibility and accessibility. It says South Africa’s tourism industry needs to use technology to improve productivity in reaching a broad and diverse customer base.While South Africa was ranked 25th by the World Trade Organisation in a list of top tourism destinations in 2000, the study says that technologies can assist in achieving sustainability and growth in the sector.Important technologies in this respect include: ICTs, environmental technologies (which include fuel efficiency and cleaner production processes), renewable resources, and cultural heritage technologies (for training, content development and delivery).Cultural sectorThe study argues that the cultural industry is a large global industry and has a huge potential for job creation, while offering an opportunity to develop underdeveloped regions.New and original industries emerge not necessarily from the use of new technologies, but from creativity, skills or traditional materials. This makes crafts and tourism-related industries a springboard for development.The study argues that although cultural industries are an important part of South Africa’s economy, there are constraints causing a backlog.A major concern is that the sector does not have appropriate training and skills development, that urbanisation is causing a lack of transfer of traditional skills within families, that there is a lack of knowledge management, and that research and development is minimal.Other constraints include access to raw materials, finance and support services, and problems in areas relating to marketing, infrastructure and productionThe most important technologies which are an incremental part of developing the sector are enabling communication technologies, technologies which improve products, and technologies that provide marketing to the end-consumer.Agro-processingThe convergence of several key industry trends has accelerated the pace of change in the agroprocessing industry.In response to declining profits, producers are developing new products with higher margins and functions, new uses for old products and waste streams, and incorporating cutting-edge production technologies.Meanwhile, customer consumption habits are shifting and demanding new products such as organic produce and functional foods. On top of this, outside stakeholders, including government, are demanding an improvement to the environmental performance of the agriculture industry.The study identifies numerous key research and technology developments for the sector, including:Real-time detection of micro-organisms in food, using a variety of methods.Sensors for online, real-time control and monitoring of food processing.DNA/ RNA chip technologies.Techniques to inactivate micro-organisms to yield safer foods with extended shelf lives.Standardised edible food packaging films.Biologicals (eg bacteriocins) and chemical inhibitors to prevent or slow growth of pathogens in food.Technologies for food traceability.The study says among the most critical technologies for South Africa are those that enable food traceability and minimise food wastage.BiotechnologySouth Africa has a small bioeconomy, although biotechnologies are widely used in a number of industrial sectors, including food and beverages and waste water treatment.The emphasis in South Africa is still at the research and development level, the application of a new set of technologies and the application of the technology tools by defined sectors.According to the study, the most important areas for further development include:Recombinant therapeutic productsVaccinesDiagnosticsCommodity chemicals from biomassEnergy from Renewable ResourcesBiocatalystsThe study says priority technologies span the various stages of new product and service development, extending from discovery to manufacture, but with more emphasis on discovery.ChemicalsThe study finds that while specialty chemicals will be significantly influenced by nanoscience and biotechnology in the future, the changes envisaged for basic chemicals (ie petrochemicals, bulk polymers and fertilisers) are based more on evolutionary development.Disruptive innovations are difficult in the basic chemicals industry, since they have to fit in with the existing infrastructure of the industry.According to the study, the global trend towards convergence of different strands of science and technology, and knowledge transference between different materials and scientific fields, will strengthen in the future.The most important emerging technologies on the global landscape include materials technology, biotechnology and nano-technology.The study identifies key interventions considered to have a major potential benefit for the local industry, including:The development of a new industry based on the extraction of minerals from coal ash and low-value slag.The development of a new range of performance chemicals that will improve the recovery of minerals in the mining sector.The establishment of a new technology platform that will develop technologies to decrease economies of scale for chemical plants and hence enable smaller production facilities to compete.A major initiative to build South Africa’s first generic pharmaceutical actives plant in order to meet future demand for antibiotics and/or anti-retrovirals.A highly integrated strategy to fully develop South Africa’s ability to add maximum value to its natural products and unique biodiversity.AerospaceThe study says there is little doubt that the aerospace industry can make South Africa a leader in innovation and emerging technologies.The industry is a key driver behind technological and economic growth, and is seen as an incubator for critical and pervasive technologies.Six technologies were highlighted as being important for the continuous development and growth of the sector. These are:The development of composite materials.The development of hyper aero-thermodynamics.The development of sensor usage.Health and usage monitoring systems.Noise abatement.Improved manufacturing processes.Clothing and textilesTechnological development is one of the most significant factors contributing to a shift in demand in the clothing and textiles sector, with other sectors – such as the aeronautics and automotive sectors – having created new demands on the textiles industry.For example, sensory fabrics for seating comfort, and resin-reinforced fabrics to replace metal components in light-weight vehicles, are now needed.The growing demand for “intelligent”, high-performance textiles has created new opportunities in the textiles sector. However the study finds that industries in established markets have been slow to respond to this demand.It says that South Africa has a comparative advantage in the natural fibres segment of the clothing and textile sector. Value-add technologies already in use include:Testing systems for foreign fibres in Mohair and wool.Yarn formation, and long and short staple systems.Dying and finishing technologies.According to the study, the market from plant fibres is growing globally. Hemp, flax and similar products are in abundance in South Africa. Processing of plant fibres thus becomes a critical niche market that South Africa has an opportunity to exploit.Metals and minerals The metals and minerals sector is mature worldwide, with little major innovation taking place. The current technology trends are towards incremental improvements in the various value chain processes.The purpose of innovation, especially in the heavy metals sector, is to ensure business sustainability within the commoditised market. Emphasis is placed on aspects such as the improved use of gravel as a form of ore, the improved extraction of lower grade ore by developing improved reduction and extraction techniques, and the more efficient use of energy.There is, however, more innovative work being done in the light metals sector, specifically aluminium, magnesium, titanium and the development of alloys. Downstream possibilities of these metals are large enough to warrant significant levels of research and development.According to the study, one of the major focus areas of this trend is the development of a cheaper, continuous extraction processes for magnesium and titanium.Automative sector Technology and innovation play a vital role in the automotive industry. A new car has an estimated 10 to 15 on-board computers, operating the engine, radio, brakes, transmission, steering systems and other components.The study highlights four technologies as being critically important for the continuous development and growth of South Africa’s automotive sector.The development of lightweight materials.The development of alternate fuels, eg fuel cell technology.Sensors, electronics and telematics.Improved design and manufacturing processes.SouthAfrica.info reporterlast_img read more

Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — July 16, 2018

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The hope of more precipitation is in our forecast this morning. Today we should see scattered showers and even a rumble of thunder across a large part of Ohio, and it will likely linger into early tomorrow morning. We have been looking for this since early last week, and we should see good verification of moisture today. Amounts are not too bad, with an additional .25”-1” likely out of action today. The map at right shows rain totals through tomorrow morning. However, there was some widely scattered action yesterday, and we even saw some unexpected heat-based rain and thunderstorm events pop up on Saturday. So, some of us are sitting better than others, but today we should see coverage at roughly 70% of the state. Everything will be done by, or shortly after midnight, if not before. We are hopeful that today’s moisture, along with the hit and miss stuff from this weekend, will promote better rain chances going forward, because we need more.We are dry most of tomorrow, Wednesday and Thursday statewide. However, we are allowing for rain in our forecast on Friday, and there is a good threat of it holding thorugh a large part of the weekend. This is a change from last Friday, where we were skeptical about rain Thursday and Friday, but inserted small amounts in the forecast. We start of this week backing the rain up a day and strengthening chances. Amounts are still not all that impressive, but we are leaving potential for those to grow. So, on Friday, with showers and a thunderstorm or two over 70% of the state, we can see rain totals of half an inch or less, and most of us will be in the .25” area. The forecast pattern gets a little more interesting in the wake of those initial rains Friday. What happens Saturday and Sunday? Most of this depends on the track of the low. If it moves from someplace like near St. Louis up toward Northern Michigan, we likely see no additional moisture Saturday, and definitely none on Sunday. If the low takes a track like from Peoria to Detroit and up through southern Ontario, we can see some wrap around moisture and lingering showers through Saturday and even Sunday. Currently models are divided. Our previous forecast was dry, but we are opening the door to a few leftover showers Saturday, and think that at least some wrap around will still be here Sunday, although coverage for potential rains falls off the farther we go into the weekend. AT this point, we think we could add another .1″-.5″ with 80% coverage through the weekend, but stay tuned. We will be watching the track of this emerging low through the rest of the week.We are dry to start the week next week as we kick off the extended forecast window. However, we still see a nice front around the 24th (next Tuesday) that will bring half to maybe 1 inch of rain to 80% of the state. Then we go back dry for the 25th-27th. A minor disturbance for the 28th looks to stay mostly south of the Ohio River, and currently is not expected to have much of an impact.Temperatures this week will be near normal to even a bit below through midweek. Get back to normal to finish the week but cool off this weekend and early next week. Temperatures this weekend will be in the upper 70s mostly, to low 80s, a far cry from this past weekend!last_img read more

Russell Westbrook’s 15th triple-double leads Thunder past Pelicans

first_imgThe 2017 MVP posted his NBA-leading 15th triple-double and Oklahoma City beat the injury-depleted New Orleans Pelicans 122-116 on Thursday night.“He impacts the game in so many different ways,” Donovan said. “He can do it through rebounding, he can do it through defense, he can do it through assists, he can do it through getting out in transition. He does a lot of different things to impact the game, so when people talked to me earlier on about his shooting — I’m really not worried about it.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsIn this game, Westbrook’s shot wasn’t so bad, either. He finished with 23 points on 9-of-19 shooting and had 17 rebounds and 16 assists. The Thunder improved to 10-5 this season when he tallies a triple-double.“He is a once-in-a-generation kind of guy,” Thunder forward Abdel Nader said. “He’s special. On both ends, he plays with the energy level I think some guys wish they could play with.” Paul George had 23 points and 11 rebounds and Steven Adams added 20 points and 13 rebounds for Oklahoma City, which won its fourth straight.The Pelicans were without star center Anthony Davis, who missed his third straight game with a left index finger sprain, and the team announced Thursday that Nikola Mirotic will be out at least a week with a right calf strain. New Orleans forward Julius Randle sat out with a right ankle sprain and guard E’Twaun Moore rested because of nagging injuries.Jrue Holiday had 22 points and 13 assists, and Darius Miller matched a career high with 21 points for New Orleans.“I thought we competed as hard as we possibly could and played very unselfishly,” coach Alvin Gentry said. “We just didn’t have enough firepower to get over the hump.”The revamped lineup presented a challenge for Oklahoma City.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Westbrook has been especially dynamic during Oklahoma City’s win streak. He’s averaging 22.5 points, 11.8 rebounds and 11.3 assists on 44.4 percent shooting. He has resisted his tendency to launch 3-pointers, only taking 15 in the four games combined.HE SAID ITGeorge, on being named an All-Star starter: “When I got traded here (from Indiana), people thought it was going to be the end of me being an All-Star, coming out to the West.”UP NEXTThe Pelicans host the San Antonio Spurs on Saturday.The Thunder host the Milwaukee Bucks on Sunday.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Timberwolves spoil Rajon Rondo Lakers return with 120-105 win ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes LATEST STORIES MOST READ US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Oklahoma City Thunder guard Russell Westbrook (0) grabs a rebound in front of New Orleans Pelicans center Jahlil Okafor, right, during the first half of an NBA basketball game in Oklahoma City, Thursday, Jan. 24, 2019. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)OKLAHOMA CITY— Thunder coach Billy Donovan has heard questions all season about Russell Westbrook’s shaky shooting.He hasn’t been concerned because Westbrook does everything else so well.ADVERTISEMENT SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town “You’ve got to learn guys’ tendencies on the go, figure out the guys that they are throwing in there, learn the personnel on the fly,” George said.Oklahoma City led 65-53 at halftime behind 18 points from Adams. Westbrook secured his triple-double early in the third quarter, and the Thunder rolled to a 98-82 lead at the end of the period.The Pelicans rallied, but never got closer than five in the final quarter.“They just put different and weird lineups out there and they had a little momentum going,” George said. “We did what we had to do. We did enough to win tonight.”Gentry felt there were positives to take away from challenging a team the caliber of the Thunder with so many players out. Oklahoma City is in third place in the Western Conference standings.“It seemed every time we got down, we found a way to get back in the game,” he said.TIP-INSPelicans: C Jahlil Okafor scored 18 points in his sixth start of the season. … G Elfrid Payton had 15 points and 12 assists. … New Orleans has lost four of five.Thunder: G Alex Abrines sat out his 11th straight game for personal reasons. He was active, but Donovan said Abrines is not ready to play yet. … George was announced as an All-Star starter on Thursday. … Mirotic, who averages 16.7 points and 8.3 rebounds per game, was injured Wednesday night against Detroit. … It was the 119th triple-double of Westbrook’s career.STAT LINES View commentslast_img read more

Early Ateneo-La Salle clash spices up UAAP Season 81 volleyball opening weekend

first_imgBulls add to Heat woes at home with 105-89 win The matchup between the Lady Spikers, who are gunning for their fourth straight,  and two-time champion Lady Eagles headline the opening weekend of the biggest event in the UAAP’s second semester.Ateneo and La Salle share a storied history together, having squared off in six straight finals in the last  decade with the Lady Spikers winning four championships to the Lady Eagles’ two.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsUniversity of Santo Tomas looks to get a quick turnaround from its disappointing Season 80 campaign when it takes on Adamson University in the first game of the Feb. 17 game day.The Golden Tigresses missed out of the Final Four in 2018 after finishing with a 4-10 record—the second-worst mark in Season 80—while the Lady Falcons will start life in the post-Jema Galanza era. MANILA, Philippines—De La Salle’s title reign is off to a tough start as it begins the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament against rival  Ateneo on Feb. 17 at Mall of Asia Arena.ADVERTISEMENT Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes University of the Philippines and University of the East will formally start the tournament on Feb. 16 at Filoil Flying V Centre at 2 pm.Season 80 runner-up Far Eastern University will take on last year’s no.4 National University in the second game of the tournament’s opening day.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST PLAY LIST 01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte View commentslast_img read more

Facebook apologises for data scandal in UK newspaper ads

Zuckerberg repeated that Facebook had changed the rules so no such data breach could happen again. “We have a responsibility to protect your information. If we can’t we don’t deserve it,” the back page ads state. Zuckerberg explained there was a quiz developed by a university researcher “that leaked Facebook data of millions of people in 2014″.”This was a breach of trust, and I’m sorry we didn’t do more at the time. We’re now taking steps to make sure this doesn’t happen again,” he said.The statement reflects public statements Zuckerberg made last week after the row prompted investigations in Europe and the United States, and sent Facebook’s share price plunging.Zuckerberg repeated that Facebook had changed the rules so no such data breach could happen again.”We’re also investigating every single app that had access to large amounts of data before we fixed this. We expect there are others,” he wrote.”And when we find them, we will ban them and tell everyone affected.”There was no mention of the British firm accused of using the data, Cambridge Analytica, which worked on US President Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign.It too has blamed the University of Cambridge researcher, Alexsandr Kogan, for any potential breach of data rules.Kogan created a lifestyle quiz app for Facebook which was downloaded by 270,000 people, but allowed access to tens of millions of their contacts.Facebook says he passed this to Cambridge Analytica without its knowledge. Kogan says he is being made a scapegoat. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg took out full-page ads in almost all of Britain’s national newspapers Sunday to apologise for a huge data privacy scandal. Citation: Facebook apologises for data scandal in UK newspaper ads (2018, March 25) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-facebook-apologises-scandal-uk-newspaper.html Explore further © 2018 AFP Facebook’s Zuckerberg admits mistakes—but no apology (Update) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more