The Antarctic First Regional Observing Study of the Troposphere (FROST) Project

first_imgAn account is given of the Antarctic First Regional Observing Study of the Troposphere (FROST) project, which has been organized by the Physics and Chemistry of the Atmosphere Group of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. The goals of FROST are to study the meteorology of the Antarctic, to determine the strengths and weaknesses of operational analyses and forecasts over the continent and in the surrounding ocean areas, and to assess the value of new forms of satellite data that are becoming available. FROST is based around three one-month Special Observing Periods (S0Ps)—July 1994, 16 October-15 November 1994, and January 1995 for which comprehensive datasets have been established of model fields and in situ and satellite observations. High quality manual surface and upper-air analyses are being prepared for these periods to determine the extent to which non-Global Telecommunications System data can improve the interpretation of the synoptic situation. Over the ocean areas during SOP-1, incorporation of the late data resulted only in a limited improvement in the analyses, indicating that the models are correctly analyzing most of the major weather systems. Over the continent, the production of 500-hPa heights from the automatic weather station data greatly helped in the analysis process. The lack of data around west Antarctica was a major handicap in the analysis process. The rms errors in the forecasts of 500-hPa height for the Antarctic were about 20% greater than those for midlatitude areas. The forecasts from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts were the most accurate of those receivedlast_img read more

2 years sought for Medan woman who tried to recover debt from police officer’s wife

first_img“We hereby demand that the panel of judges sentence the defendant to two years in prison,” Randi told the court.When the judges asked the defendant to respond, she said, “I feel the demand is not proper.”Presiding judge Sri Wahyuni Batubara gave the defendant and her legal advisor two weeks to prepare a defense statement.Read also: Commentary: Indonesia has serious ‘overcriminalization’ problem Prosecutors at the Medan District Court in North Sumatra are seeking two years of prison for defendant Febi Nur Amalia, who is on trial for defamation for demanding on Instagram that the wife of a police officer repay a debt of Rp 70 million (US$4,763).Prosecutor Randi Tambunan argued that the 29-year-old had no right to “slander” Fitriani Manurung, who filed the case against Febi, in her attempt to collect the debt on social media.Randi said the defendant’s actions violated articles 27 and 45 of the Electronic Information and Transactions (ITE) Law. The articles carry a maximum punishment of six years in prison and a fine of Rp 1 billion. The case started in December 2016 when Fitriani, who is the wife of a local police senior commissioner, reportedly borrowed Rp 70 million from Febi, her friend, a resident of the Menteng Indah complex in Medan.In 2017, Febi allegedly tried to collect the debt several times but to no avail. Fitriani reportedly blocked Febi’s phone number.Febi sent a direct message to Fitriani’s Instagram account in early 2019 to ask for the money, but Fitriani said she did not recognize her. She then allegedly blocked Febi’s account for a second time.Febi then posted an Instagram story using her handle @feby25052 and tagged Fitriani. It read, “I suddenly remembered the wife of a police senior commissioner who hasn’t paid her debt to me, amounting to Rp 70 million, for years @Fitri_Bakhtiar. I would easily let the money go if the debtor was poor, but it’s different in this case because the debtor herself is rich. So I have to claim the money.”In a previous hearing, Febi claimed to have strong evidence of Fitriani’s debt. Febi said Fitriani had asked for the money to buy a bag for the wife of a senior National Police officer.Fitriani has denied having a debt to Febi. She claimed the money was not transferred to her account but to her husband’s. Fitriani said the Instagram post had harmed her. (syk)Topics :last_img read more

Man U move a dream come true — Ighalo

first_imgRelatedPosts Ighalo: My best moment as ‘Red Devil’ EPL: Crystal Palace stun sloppy Man U EPL: Red Devils attack Palace Odion Ighalo described his move to Manchester United as a “dream come true” as he arrived in the UK after signing for the club on loan until the end of the season. The 30-year-old striker sealed a shock loan move to United from Chinese club Shanghai Shenhua in the closing moments of the transfer window on Friday. The move came as a surprise to many in the footballing world, but after arriving into the city’s airport, the Nigerian opened up on his long-standing love for the club and excitement about what lies ahead. “Its been crazy. Obviously I am happy to be in Manchester and this is a great opportunity for me”, Ighalo told Sky Sports News. “And I’m grateful to God, my agent and the coach that gave me this opportunity to be here. I’m happy to be here to work hard with the team and finish very well this season. “It’s a dream come true because since I was a kid I have always dreamed about Man United, but this is reality now.” United will be hoping their new recruit hits the ground running after again failing to score in a 0-0 home draw with Wolves on Saturday, meaning they have failed to score in the four league games top scorer Marcus Rashford has been injured. Ighalo’s move was sealed in dramatic circumstances on the final day of the transfer window, with the deal being announced at one minute past midnight after the window had already closed. United initially attempted to sign Bournemouth striker Josh King earlier in the day before turning to their attention to Ighalo, with the player’s agent claiming the move only started to gather pace at midday on Friday. After arriving into Manchester Airport following a long flight from China, the striker said he would be resting on Sunday but is ready to get straight into action with the team starting on Monday. “Today I will just chill because I have travelled from Shanghai to Manchester. Today (the plan) is just to rest and tomorrow we start to work,” Ighalo added. It is not the first time the Nigerian has played in the Premier League after spending three successful years with Watford, scoring 17 goals and assisting six in the league before his move to China in 2017. Ighalo could make his debut for the Red Devils against Chelsea on 17 February after the club takes a brief winter break.Tags: Manchester UnitedOdion IghaloShanghai Shenhualast_img read more

Future Global Food Gap Remains

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Chris ClaytonDTN Ag Policy EditorDES MOINES (DTN) — The gap remains persistent between global growth of agricultural production and the expected need for food, feed, fiber and bioenergy demands for 10 billion people in 2050.The Global Agricultural Productivity Index, released annually at the World Food Prize Borlaug Dialogue, shows a spread between projected production and demand. Agricultural Total Factor Productivity, (TFP) is growing globally at a rate of 1.63% annually yet the growth needs to rise 1.73% annually to sustain the needs of a larger population at mid-century.The Global Agricultural Productivity Index was created by a consortium of several major agricultural input companies that formed the Global Harvest Initiative. The group turned the report and related work over this year to the Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.The challenge, as consistently measured in these GAP reports, remains with “alarmingly low” TFP growth in low-income countries. Agricultural growth in these low-income countries is projected to rise about 1% annually, but the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals state productivity from low-income farmers needs to double by 2030.“These productivity gaps, if they persist, will have serious ramifications for environmental sustainability, the economic vitality of the agriculture sector, and the prospects for reducing poverty, malnutrition, and obesity,” said Ann Steensland, author of the 2019 GAP Report and coordinator of the GAP Report Initiative at Virginia Tech.The report states that without intervention, current agricultural productivity trends “will produce significant negative consequences for environmental sustainability, economic development and human nutrition.” Farmers will use both more land and water to boost production, which will put more strains on the natural resources already threatened by climate change, the report states.The United Nations shows roughly 822 million people are malnourished, a number that has been rising since 2015. Due to higher global population, the percentage of people malnourished around the world declined for more than a decade but has leveled off since 2015, between 10.6% and 10.8% of the population.Globally, agricultural stocks of staple crops remain high at the moment. Global wheat ending stocks are projected for the 2019-20 crop at a record 287.8 million metric tons, according to the October World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) released by USDA. Rice world ending stocks are projected at 175.1 million metric tons, also a record volume. 2019-20 global ending stocks for corn and soybeans are both projected to be down slightly from recent years.The GAP report with its history tied to global input and production companies, often repeats similar themes and this year’s report reiterates past messages. Strategies for higher production revolve around more investment in public-sector agricultural research and development, as well as extension services. Science and information technologies should be expanded to enable producers of all scales to manage environmental and economic risks, the report states. More investment should occur in infrastructure such as transportation, communication and financial services. Countries should expand trade agreements that improve regional and global trade. And more effort should be invested in post-harvest losses and food waste.Chris Clayton can be reached at [email protected] him on Twitter @ChrisClaytonDTN(PSSK)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Production Tips: The Four Secrets of a Successful Documentary

first_imgLooking for more filmmaking tips and tricks? Check out these articles.Video Tutorial: Determining The Best Lens for Your ProjectThe Best Quotes from Directors, Editors, and Everything in BetweenIndustry Insights: The Ins and Outs of Working as a Script SupervisorTutorial: Removing Audio Pops and Recording Audio Differently11 YouTube Channels Every Filmmaker Should Follow in 2019 A good documentary must tell a powerful story. Here are four tips to keep you on track, especially when the going gets tough.A few months ago, my short documentary “Blinders” took home the Canada of Excellence award at 2018’s BufferFestival in Toronto, Ontario.The focus of my film was to shine a light on a voiceless community — the homeless.In less than 72 hours, my family and I organized a gourmet dinner for 12 strangers living on the streets. We provided dinner in exchange for the guests’ stories. My family’s goal was to eliminate ignorance and open lines of communications with those who live on the streets.When crafting the film, I used a four-step formula to create a dynamic story on set and in post-production. This formula is now one I use on nearly every documentary, vlog, or narrative piece I create.1. Easy Is BoringIf it’s easy or comfortable, you’re probably not capturing anything compelling. 
When you’re working on a documentary project, the greatest moments come from difficulty. If someone is struggling, chances are there’s a message in their experience. Remember, the best stories come with lessons, and the most effective lessons stem from someone or something overcoming an obstacle. In our documentary “Blinders,” the best moments on camera were by far the hardest ones to capture. There’s a scene when I almost give up on the entire event because no one shows up. I was defeated and depressed, and I wanted to turn the whole project around; this is my favorite part of the film. In a matter of moments, I was able to solve a few problems and turn the event around.Capturing difficult moments like this can not only provide an on-screen lesson but also a narrative victory. Your audience gains no emotional connection from events with only surface-level expression. If you can capture their emotions with a real struggle and pair it with a victory or a lesson, you have a much more effective film.Your story lives in the uncomfortable, so find it. If you’re in an easy location, go to the most challenging area. Think of it as summiting a mountain and documenting the assent. The destination isn’t as interesting as the struggle to get there. If you document the struggle, the victory will seem much more rewarding for the audience.(Quick tip: If someone is struggling, give them space. Don’t film people just for the sake of getting the shot. Be sure to get their permission before rolling. The last thing you want is someone to be upset or disingenuous because there’s a camera in their face.)2. The Beginning and the EndingInstead of relying on your editor to assemble a story from piles of footage, think ahead. As you’re capturing the scene, begin to daisy-chain a narrative together. Think about establishing shots, wides, introductions, etc. I always think of the beginning and the ending because no matter what, the middle is inevitable — it will simply fill itself in. When entering a situation, moment, or location ask yourself “How does this scene start, and how does it end?” Implement a dash conflict on-top of that, and now you’re cooking!3. Interviews Will Save the DayDialogue in documentaries is a lifesaver when it comes to constructing a story. While editing my films, I love to have a supply of interviews, even if I don’t use them. This is because it helps establish what the story is actually about without getting lost in B-roll or cinematic sequences.When I was working on “Blinders,” I used interviews and vlog-style monologues to keep the story on track. You don’t always need dialogue, but it’s something that can absolutely save your story. Show don’t tell — unless showing doesn’t do the story justice.4. Emotion Before Motion
Repeat this in your head. Make it a mantra. Tattoo it on your face. Emotion before motion is the secret to getting a better story. As a shooter, it’s very easy to get caught up in cinematic sequences and long camera setups to capture the most beautiful shot. This does nothing to the story if there’s no emotion behind what you’re capturing. Think of what sequence of shots captures the greatest feeling on screen and follow that.last_img read more

‘The key is to stay at the wicket and accelerate towards the end’

first_imgThe weather has been reasonably kind to us since we arrived in England, except for the first two days which were cold and windy.It meant that initially we had to be content with an indoor synthetic surface at Leicestershire’s Grace Road county ground. Outdoor nets began soon after and I,The weather has been reasonably kind to us since we arrived in England, except for the first two days which were cold and windy.It meant that initially we had to be content with an indoor synthetic surface at Leicestershire’s Grace Road county ground. Outdoor nets began soon after and I was impressed with the professionalism of the groundsmen.They pass on specific instructions to the coach regarding the use of practice wickets so that they don’t get spoilt. They are very particular about using the pitches and are constantly working on the ground to maintain a high standard of facilities.Finally, as planned, we played a match against Loughborough University. The team was a collection of youngsters, all keen to do well against us. We played the match in a public school spread over 30 acres and the facilities were stunning.They had 12 nets for the younger boys and six nets for the seniors, an indoor swimming pool, a gymnasium and a sports shop. It would be great to have such facilities at home.It was agreed that India would bat first to get as much practice as possible. It worked well, for Sachin, Azhar, Robin and Ajay had useful outings. Only Saurav fell early to a brilliant catch. Unfortunately the bowling was average and Sachin didn’t relish it much though he scored a brisk 64.The wickets were slow and the ball wasn’t coming on to the bat. The outfield too was soft and the ball wouldn’t travel. The Indians, Azhar and Sachin in particular, stunned the crowd with some stunning shots – not surprisingly one Sachin six hit the gymnasium wall almost 80 yards away.advertisementI called back the batsmen once they seemed to be hitting the ball well; 290 was a fine score. Then the bowlers took over and I was pleased with their line and length. Prasad was simply brilliant, Saurav bowled effectively and Jadeja picked up two wickets in three overs.He just has to believe he has a golden arm. Ultimately they were out for 98 runs. Our second practice game was against the Leicester Second XI at their excellent county ground. We rested Sachin, Srinath and Kumble to give Ramesh, Mohanty and Chopra a chance (Khurasia had twisted his ankle).Final stretch: Ajit Agarkar, Javagal Srinath and Ajay Jadeja tune up for the South Africa tieThe bowling was better and we lost three wickets for 60 runs, whereupon Azhar, Jadeja and Mongia batted with a lot of confidence to take us past 200 runs. Robin unnecessarily had an argument with a left-arm spinner after hitting him for two sixes and got out.The bowler came out the winner. These are the sort of situations where we have to use our experience and keep our cool. Nevertheless, Saurav with three wickets led the bowlers who polished them off for 130-odd runs.Considering the prevalent conditions, it seems we have to keep our wickets in hand and accelerate later on. I have been stressing that the batsmen shouldn’t be impatient. The most interesting aspect so far has been the meeting of the managers and captains at Lord’s at the recently built media centre that resembles a spaceship about to take off.There was a team photograph of the captains – only the Scottish skipper was missing, probably held up in the traffic on the highway. I found Brian Lara the most humble of the lot and I was impressed when he came up to wish me.Later we were briefed about the playing conditions and about security, especially after the recent bombings in London. The ground at Lord’s was looking as pretty as ever. Hopefully we will do well enough to play here during the tournament.last_img read more

Bolts roar past Texters

first_imgOil plant explodes in Pampanga town SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte And the Texters indeed played that way, opening up a 30-9 lead early in the second before everything seemingly went in disarray that resulted in their third loss in five games.“It was good that our defense wasn’t bad in the first half, because if it was, we would’ve gotten blown out right there,” Black said. “We just tried to hang in there and we tried to get into the halftime break with a manageable deficit.”Jayson Castro, the star in that win over San Miguel, had 20 points to lead all TNT shooters.Roger Pogoy had 15 points and former MVP Kelly Williams 15 boards in the Texters’ losing effort.“Tonight our communication, particularly on defense, was a lot better,” said Black, whose squad now joins Columbian and San Miguel in a logjam at No. 4.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES PH bets toughen up “We’ve been getting off to bad starts this conference, that’s why I tried to switch my starting lineup,” said Black, whose charges nonetheless still fell behind by 21 points early. “The only fortunate thing was it was only for the beginning of the game, so we had a lot of time to recover.”Chris Newsome and Baser Amer took turns hitting big shots that got the Meralco rally going in the third period, before the Bolts’ defense frustrated the favored Texters in the stretch that sealed the win.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsNewsome, the former Rookie of the Year, finished with 20 points, while Amer had 17 as the duo led three others in scoring twin figures for Black.TNT came into the game as the logical favorite, having come off two straight wins capped by a 104-93 decision of four-time defending champion San Miguel Beer last Sunday. The Bolts move on to face NLEX at Ynares in Antipolo this Saturday, while the Texters will try to bounce back when they go up against Magnolia at MOA Arena on Sunday.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusationscenter_img ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss MOST READ PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Chris Newsome leads Meralco Bolts’ comeback. PBA IMAGESMeralco had another bad start on Wednesday night, but, thanks to some old-fashioned perseverance, roared back to life in the second half to stun TNT KaTropa, 88-77, and get back on track in the PBA Philippine Cup at Cuneta Astrodome in Pasay.Coach Norman Black tried shuffling his starting lineup in order to avoid another bad jump out of the gates, but instead got a mighty finishing kick from his Bolts in improving to a level 2-2 and tying for fourth spot.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

Florida States Drop From No 1 Wasnt Unprecedented

Despite beating Syracuse 38-20 Saturday, the (formerly) No. 1 ranked Florida State Seminoles found themselves ranked second in the latest AP Poll, trailing Mississippi State after the Bulldogs beat previous No. 2 Auburn 38-23 at home in Starkville. It was the first time Florida State had not occupied the AP’s top slot since Nov. 24 of last season.Although Mississippi State’s victory over Auburn was impressive, the way the polls typically work is that No. 1 stays No. 1 as long as No. 1 keeps winning (or soundly beats an underdog opponent). Florida State was favored by 23 against Syracuse and won by 18 in a game that was essentially over midway through the third quarter. The Seminoles are also the defending national champions, and so far this season they’ve outscored opponents by more than 18 points per game (a number that becomes nearly 21 if we throw out their six-point win over Clemson in which they were missing 2013 Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Jameis Winston). If Florida State is presumed to be the nation’s best team — as it was before the season — it’s hard to find a obvious misstep that proves otherwise. (If anything, a good Bayesian should probably be more suspicious of Mississippi State, which was unranked as recently as five weeks ago.)Then again, the Seminoles have also played just one team (Clemson) ranked among the AP’s Top 25 at the time of the game, and their overall strength of schedule ranks 64th in the FBS, according to Sports-Reference.com’s Simple Rating System. While my Elo variant still has them ranked first, it draws heavily from knowledge of how good they were last season. Computer-rating systems that don’t account for Florida State’s presumed strength as a prior, by contrast, tend to rank it among the country’s best teams — but generally not as No. 1. (That honor is more often bestowed upon either Mississippi State or Ole Miss, who very nearly bumped Florida State to No. 3 in the AP voting.) Combined with potential distaste over the sexual assault allegation against Winston, AP voters had several reasons to drop the Seminoles from their perch atop the rankings, despite the team’s 22-game winning streak and championship incumbency.How frequently do No. 1 ranked teams fall in the AP Poll despite winning their most recent game? According to Sports-Reference’s college football data, there have been 21 cases (since 1992) of the AP’s top team beating an FBS opponent but dropping in the next poll (ratings and expected margins shown below are based on the Elo rating variant I described in an earlier post):Compare the incumbents’ performances to those of the overtaking teams that claimed No. 1 in the subsequent AP poll:There are a few circumstances that can lead to No. 1 winning a game but losing its ranking, usually involving some combination of the incumbent disappointing and/or the upstart exceeding expectations. Florida State’s tumble was more an example of the latter than the former — the Seminoles underwhelmed by a bit, but the bigger factor was Mississippi State’s strong performance against Auburn.Most of the cases above involve a similar chain of events, although a few saw the incumbent disappoint by so great a margin that No. 2 slid up just by playing to expectations. On other occasions, the challenger moved up without even playing; in 1992, No. 2 Washington watched on the sidelines as No. 1 Miami struggled to an 8-7 win over unranked Arizona, then claimed the AP’s top spot three days later. (The Hurricanes and Huskies would flip-flop the No. 1 slot twice more — each time in spite of incumbent wins — before the season was over.) And sometimes the pollsters swapped teams at the top for relatively arbitrary reasons, such as when Penn State crushed No. 21 Ohio State 63-14 — yet dropped behind Nebraska, who’d beaten previous No. 2 Colorado 24-7. (Despite going undefeated the rest of the season, the Nittany Lions would never again stake their claim to No. 1 over Nebraska from that point on, and were unable to face the Huskers in the postseason because of the Rose Bowl’s conference tie-ins.)The good news for Florida State is that it still has the highest probabilities of winning out and winning its conference among the major-conference undefeateds, according to ESPN’s Football Power Index simulations. Barring the real possibility of a change to Winston’s availability — on top of the sexual assault allegations, news broke Monday night that Florida State was investigating whether the quarterback signed autographs for money — the numbers show the Seminoles as very likely to earn a berth into the inaugural College Football Playoff field, regardless of Sunday’s ranking loss. read more

Police Commissioner defends redeployment

first_img Related Items:commisioner james smith, re-deployment Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 04 Feb 2016 – The fire at HJ Robinson may have been intentionally set; but still no one is saying officially and the Police Commissioner on Monday told the National Security Council that he does not believe the movement of officers out of Grand Turk and into Provo was the reason the fire was able to be set. The Commissioner noted that there remained 38 police officers in Grand Turk and advised that, “It was important that recent, unrelated incidents should not be viewed as part of a wider pattern.” Commissioner James Smith was referencing the turf wars, vandalism, break in spree and now the alleged arson – all taking place in Grand Turk. The Commissioner assured the Governor, the Premier, the Border Control Minister and the Attorney General that crimes were down in Provo during Christmas, when compared to 2014 statistics of the same period.last_img read more