Contents1. Why have Chelsea been hit with a transfer ban?2. Can Chelsea appeal the transfer ban?3. How long will the Chelsea transfer ban last?4. Which other clubs have had transfer bans? Chelsea have been slapped with a two-window transfer ban and a fine by FIFA, meaning they will now have to make alternative plans when it comes to their immediate recruitment approach.The game’s world governing body announced the sanction, which relates to breaches concerning the transfer of players who are under 18, on February 22 and the Premier League club have been working to appeal against it. Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘There is no creativity’ – Can Solskjaer get Man Utd scoring freely again? ‘Everyone legged it on to the pitch!’ – How Foden went from Man City superfan to future superstar Emery out of jail – for now – as brilliant Pepe papers over Arsenal’s cracks What is Manchester United’s ownership situation and how would Kevin Glazer’s sale of shares affect the club? The Stamford Bridge outfit are expected to exhaust every avenue that is available to them as they seek to challenge the decision and preserve their reputation.So why have the sanctions been imposed and what exactly can they do about it? Goal takes a look at how it all works. Why have Chelsea been hit with a transfer ban? According to FIFA, the ban is being imposed on Chelsea because the governing body found the club to be in breach of regulations relating to the international transfer and registration of players under the age of 18.Specifically, the Blues were found to have breached article 19 of the Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players in the case of 29 minors.The club was also found to have breached article 18bis (which concerns third-party influence on clubs) in connection with two agreements that were reached concerning minors.It is not clear which players the breaches in question are related to.As well as a ban, FIFA issued a fine of 600,000 Swiss Francs (£460k/$600k) and the Blues have been given a period of 90 days to “regularise the situation of the minor players concerned”.Furthermore, not only have Chelsea been sanctioned by FIFA, so too have the Football Association (FA).FIFA fined the English governing body 510,000 Swiss Francs (£390k/$510k) for breaches and imposed a six-month period in which to “address the situation”. Return to top Can Chelsea appeal the transfer ban? Yes, Chelsea are allowed to contest the decision reached by FIFA by bringing their case before the FIFA Appeal Committee. Indeed, the club appealed the findings of the FIFA Disciplinary Committee.”Chelsea FC categorically refutes the findings of the FIFA Disciplinary Committee and will therefore be appealing the decision,” an official statement said back in February.”The club wishes to emphasise that it respects the important work undertaken by FIFA in relation to the protection of minors and has fully cooperated with FIFA throughout its investigation.”However, that appeal, which was heard on April 11, was subsequently rejected by FIFA on May 8.While the decision of the FIFA Appeal Committee is “final and binding”, should Chelsea not be satisfied with the outcome they can make a further appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) – something they are doing.How long does an appeal take?The duration of the appeal process varies depending on the case. As you might expect, such things require a lot of paperwork and legal representations and there is a natural processing period for each step.In this case, a number of months have already elapsed, with the initial appeal lodged in February before ultimately being rejected in May – a span of three months.Unsurprisingly, the club is not satisfied with the decision of the FIFA Appeal Committee and they have now brought the issue before the CAS in Switzerland. Again, the duration of the CAS appeal process also varies, depending on the court’s schedule among other things, but it will generally take a number of months. Return to top How long will the Chelsea transfer ban last?As mentioned, the transfer ban that has been imposed on Chelsea is scheduled to last for the next two consecutive registration windows following the verdict.The windows in question were the 2019 summer window and the 2020 winter window. That means they won’t be able to complete transfer deals until the summer of 2020 at the earliest.However, in the event of an appeal process being set in motion, the ban can be temporarily suspended until the outcome of the final appeal is reached. In effect, what that means is that clubs can buy themselves some time in which to create a contingency plan by signing players to minimise the effect of a ban.For example, Barcelona were granted a temporary suspension of their transfer ban in 2014, which allowed them to recruit the likes of Luis Suarez, Marc-Andre ter Stegen and Thomas Vermaelen.Unfortunately for Chelsea, FIFA rejected their request to delay the sanction until the appeal is heard, a decision which left the Premier League club feeling “astonished”.A statement released on the club’s official website read: “Chelsea Football Club is astonished by the FIFA Appeal Committee’s decision not to suspend its sanction pending completion of the appeal process.”The statement added: “So far as the Club is aware, in all previous cases where a registration ban has been imposed by FIFA, a decision has also been made to suspend the sanction until the appeal process has been completed. In this case, Chelsea considers that it is being treated inconsistently in comparison with other European clubs.”It now seems unlikely that the ban will be overturned before the 2019 summer transfer window, but it could be resolved before the 2020 winter window. Return to top Which other clubs have had transfer bans?Chelsea are by no means alone when it comes to this sort of breach and some of the world’s biggest clubs have previously been implicated.Liga giants Barcelona, Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid were all sanctioned by FIFA for similar regulation breaches, with the governing body imposing similar two-window bans.However, while Chelsea’s breaches concern the cases of 29 minors, the cases of the Spanish clubs involved many more players. In the case of Barcelona, 31 minors were investigated and Real Madrid’s case saw the investigation of 70 minors. However, Atletico’s breaches involved more than double the Clasico pair combined, with 221 investigations.Each of the cases involving the Spanish clubs took a number of years to be completed. From start to finish, Barcelona’s case concluded in two years, Atletico’s lasted just over three years and Real’s was approaching four years.In each of the aforementioned cases, the FIFA-imposed transfer bans were upheld, though the transfer ban was reduced to just one window in the case of Real.In 2017, Liverpool were sanctioned by the Premier League over the so-called ‘tapping up’ of an underage Stoke City player. The length of the ban was two years, but applied only to the signing of any player who has been with another Premier League or Football League club within the previous 18 months. Return to top
The suspects in the car, who were arrested, were later released on police bail. ASP Ruwan Gunasekera said that posters in support of a UPFA candidate were also found in another vehicle which was also checked at the same police checkpoint.He said that 870 posters and 150 hand bills were found in the vehicle. Three people were arrested but were later released on police bail. (Colombo Gazette) Meanwhile, on the same night, the police had arrested three people at the Maligawatte police checkpoint with posters promoting a UNP candidate.Gunasekera said that 1622 posters and 712 hand bills were found in a car which was checked at the Maligawatte police checkpoint. When the police checked the vehicle they found knives, iron poles and other sharp objects hidden inside. The police arrested six people at a police checkpoint in Maligawatte after knives, iron poles and other sharp objects were found in their jeep.Police spokesman ASP Ruwan Gunasekera said that the white defender type jeep was stopped at the check point when it was about to enter Colombo late last night. The six people who were in the vehicle were then arrested and the Maligawatte police launched an investigation.
Herrenknecht expects to install one of its new boxhole backreaming machines in a mine in Asia later this year, one of the company’s Mining Project Managers, Alexander Frey, told attendees at an SME technical presentation, in Denver, Colorado, last week.Looking to produce a system able to develop ore passes with simultaneous drilling and lining, the company has adapted boxhole boring machines it has been working on for the past nine years – which use an adapted form of the pipe jacking method – and come up with the boxhole backreaming machine.This new machine can stabilise the shaft with thrust pipes and a steel liner, which avoids collapses of the shaft or a rework, while reducing the amount of activities in the upper level during mine development.Herrenknecht has already built one machine and tested it at a mine in the Black Forest of Germany, Frey said. This testing saw the company sink an ore pass with a 2.8 m diameter and 22 m length at an angle of 19°. During this test work in 150 MPa Gneiss rock, Herrenknecht achieved reaming rates of up to 1.3 m/h, Frey said. According to Frey, the machine, which is equipped with a cutterhead like those employed on raiseborers, can cut really hard rock.He added that the machines would likely be used for safely and efficiently sinking ore passes with a maximum 70 m shaft length and 3 m diameter, but it could also find other industry applications.